What is Uniform Civil Code

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 There are many, many laws in the country. In which many laws are repeatedly remembered by the people. Of which the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) is a law? This is The term Uniform Civil Code has been discussed again. The Law Commission has initiated a consultation process with religious and social organizations in this regard and sought their views. However, here you may be wondering what is Uniform Civil Code? Why is it necessary? What will change with the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code? To know and understand the answer to all these questions in simple language, this article must be read completely.

What is Uniform Civil Code

A Uniform Civil Code is one country that operates under one rule. Under this provision laws like marriage, divorce, adoption, inheritance are regulated under one common law for citizens of all religions, irrespective of religion.

The UCC is called the Uniform Civil Code. If it is applied in any country, in that case there will be same laws for all. At present there are as many religions in our country as there are different laws for them. There are many laws that apply only to the Muslim community, while some laws apply only to Hindus. But with the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code, all this will end and become the same law for all.

Currently in India there are different laws for each religion regarding divorce, land and property etc., but the UCC will make one law applicable to all religions. Article 44 of the Constitution deals with the Uniform Civil Code. It says that the same law should apply to all. But it is mentioned in the constitution, but it is left to the discretion of the state. It is not compulsory for the state to implement it. With the passing of the UCC Bill, this law will be compulsorily applicable across the country.

Highlights of What is Uniform Civil Code

The name of the: article is Uniform Civil Code
The languageof the article is: Gujarati and English
Full form of: UCC Uniform Civil Code
Applicable countries include" Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Turkey, Indonesia, Sudan and Egypt
Goa was the firs: Indian state to implement the UCC
Provision" Part-IV Clause-44 in Constitution of UCC
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Civil_Code for more information

Uniform Civil Code in Indian Constitution

Uniform Civil Code is provided for in Article 44 of Part IV Guiding Principles of Constitution of India. The purpose of Article 44 was to establish peace among different cultural groups by eliminating discrimination against weaker groups. At that time Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar said that Uniform Civil Code is necessary, but for now it should be voluntary. Goa is the first state in India to implement the Uniform Civil Code.

Why Uniform Civil Code is Necessary?

Now you may be wondering why uniform civil code is necessary? India is called a country full of diversity. Different castes and religions have different rules regarding marriage, divorce etc. People go to their personal law board regarding marriage and divorce. These different rules also affect the legal system. That is, uniformity is not maintained. After the formation of this code all such matters will come under one law. The creation of this code will help simplify the Hindu Code Bill and Sharia Law.

What will change after the implementation of the Uniform Civil Code?

  • If a uniform civil code is implemented in India, the same laws will apply to every religion. Personal law is framed on the basis of religion, caste and creed. All matters like marriage, divorce, adoption and will still come under personal law.
  • If we talk about the Muslim community, rules like triple marriage, triple talaq are still prevalent there. All this will change with the implementation of the UCC. Then the same law will apply in marriage.
  • Similarly, Hindu Personal Law, Upanishads, Vedas, works on the basis of equality and justice and these are its important pillars. The coming of the UCC will bring about a great change and all the separate Hindu traditions that have been practiced so far will cease.

What are the views for and against the Uniform Civil Code?

One of the arguments in support of UCC is that it will increase gender equality, reduce existing discriminations in the name of religion, i.e. discrimination based on religion. There will also be a reduction in the number of different laws being enforced, which will make the judiciary easier. But on the contrary, some intellectuals believe that the implementation of the UCC will end religious freedom. As the Constitution itself provides for freedom of religion, the UCC cannot be applied in such a case. Individual laws should be left to the discretion of each religious community.

What is the history of Uniform Civil Code?

The history of the Uniform Civil Code dates back to before the independence of India. This was in 1835 when the British believed that India should have a UCC. He then gave a report which said that there should be common laws in matters like crimes, evidence and contracts, but the personal laws of Hindus and Muslims should not be disturbed. Experts now believe that the British were only interested in partitioning India, which is why this personal law was completely set aside and the UCC report was also overruled.

Why it is necessary to bring UCC for BJP party?

The BJP has been including the promise of Uniform Civil Code in its election manifesto for quite some time. In states like Uttarakhand and Gujarat, the work of creating a structure in this regard has also been started.

Uniform Civil Code is applicable in which countries?

Countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Turkey, Indonesia, Sudan and Egypt have implemented this UCC many years ago. Moreover, the same law applies to everyone in America as well. His secular law is applied equally to all. While in Islamic countries Sharia law applies equally to all, regardless of religion, in this case Sharia law can also be considered as UCC.

Conclusion

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